Hawaii volcano. (Photo: Kevan Kamibayashi/ US Geological Survey via AP)
Geologists warn that Hawaii's Kilauea volcano could erupt explosively and send boulders, rocks and ash into the air around its summit in the coming weeks.
The risk will rise as lava drains from the summit crater down the flank of the volcano, and explosions could occur if the lava drops below the groundwater level, the US Geological Survey says.
There's also potential for ash, steam and sulfur dioxide emissions.
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Kilauea is one of the world's most active volcanoes.
It has destroyed 36 structures since it began releasing lava from fissures that opened in a Big Island neighbourhood about 40.2 kilometres east of the summit crater.
There are now 15 of the vents spread through Leilani Estates and neighbouring Lanipuna Gardens.
In the weeks ahead, the volcano could eject blocks up to 1.8 metres in diameter a little less than 1.6 kilometre away, the USGS says. It may also send pebbles shooting into the air several kilometres away, the USGS says.
Steam and gas rise from Kilauea's summit crater in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. (Photo AP/ Jae C. Hong)
Eruption in 1924
The receding lava lake resembles conditions seen before a major summit eruption in 1924, said Tina Neal, scientist-in-charge at the USGS Hawaiian Volcanoes Observatory.
That explosion killed one person and sent rocks, ash and dust into the air for 17 days.
This event could occur again when the lava lake drops so low that groundwater is able to flow into the conduit that feeds magma to the summit crater. The magma would heat the water, sending steam into the air that would push any accumulated rocks out in an explosion.
Severe ground cracks associated with what's known as Fissure 14 beneath a burned-out landscape in Leilani Estates near the town of Pahoa, Hawaii. (Photo: US Geological Survey via AP)
Don Swanson, a geologist with the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, says the magma is likely to drop below the water table around the middle of the month. Scientists don't know how long after that it an explosion could occur.
"We suspect it's a rapid process. We really don't know for certain," he told reporters on a conference call.
No one lives in the immediate area of the summit crater. But people are continuing to visit Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, which includes the crater and surrounding region.
Park spokeswoman Jessica Ferracane says the park will be evacuated before conditions develop for an explosive eruption at the summit.
WATCH: Destructive Hawaii volcano spews lava 61 metres in air
Separately, Hawaii Gov. David Ige says a geothermal energy plant near the lava outbreak was accelerating its removal of stored flammable gas.
The Puna Geothermal Venture plant has about 189 270 litres of pentane on site but he expected this would all be removed by the end of Thursday, 10 May.
It would be "very, very hazardous" if a volcanic vent were to open under the facility where the fuel is stored, the governor says.
The plant, which is owned by Ormat Technologies of Reno, Nevada, is across the highway from where lava has been erupting.
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Authorities previously ordered nearly 2 000 residents to leave the neighbourhoods in and around the vents in the mostly rural district of Puna. But some ignored the order and stayed to watch over their property. Authorities went door-to-door in Lanipuna to get people out of their homes on Tuesday, 8 May.
Police say they arrested a man suspected of burglarising homes in Leilani Estates. A resident saw the man leaving his house when he returned to retrieve personal belongings. The resident and a friend took the suspect to police officers who arrested him.
Some residents have refused to follow evacuation orders because of fears their homes will be looted.