People cancelling vacations to Hawaii's Big island has cost the tourism industry millions of dollars as the top attraction, Kilauea volcano, keeps spewing lava.
Cancellations from May through July have hit at least $5 million (about R61.95 million @R12.39/$), said Ross Birch, executive director of the island's tourism board.
The booking pace for hotels and other activities, such as tours for lava viewing, zip lines and glass bottom boats have fallen 50 percent. A handful of cruise ships have also decided not to come into port even in Kona on the west side of the island, about 129 kilometres away from the volcano.
SEE: Tourists and residents warned to stay out of Hawaii park to avoid deadly volcano explosion
This is the "first leak we're seeing out of the bucket," Birch said.
Tourism is one of Hawaii's biggest industries and a big part of the local economy. The industry grew the fastest on the Big Island last year compared to other islands in the archipelago, pulling in about $2.5 billion (about R30.95 billion) in visitor spending.
Visitors view Kilauea's summit crater outside the Jaggar Museum in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. Kilauea has long towered over this corner of the Big Island, and is a source of pride, awe and inspiration, but also fear. (Photo: AP/ Jae C. Hong)
Most of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park remains closed to visitors due to ongoing seismic activity and the possibility of an explosion at the summit.
More lava spewed from fissures
On Monday, 14 May, another fissure spewing lava and unhealthy gas opened up, and a crack in the Earth that emerged a day earlier was sending molten rock on a slow run for the ocean, officials said.
Civil defense officials warned vents in the south-east section of the Lanipuna Gardens neighbourhood were releasing levels of sulfur dioxide that pose an immediate danger to anyone nearby. The gas may cause choking and make people unable to breathe, the county said as it warned people in the area to leave.
The National Weather Service has warned residents of "light ashfall" throughout the day in Kau, the island's southernmost district, after a burst of volcanic emissions around 9:00.
Gases rise from a fissure near Pahoa, Hawaii. (Photo: US Geological Survey via AP)
Nearly 20 fissures have opened since the Kilauea volcano started erupting 12 days ago, and officials warn it may soon blow its top with a massive steam eruption that would shoot boulders and ash miles into the sky.
A fissure that opened on Sunday, 13 May, led authorities to order 10 people to flee their homes, Hawaii County Managing Director Wil Okabe said. Overall, nearly 2 000 people have been told to evacuate since 3 May, and lava has destroyed more than two dozen homes.
SEE: Awe and fear: Lava in Hawaii sloshes, oozes, crackles, roars
The US Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said the flow from the crack that emerged on Sunday was heading on a path that would take it to the ocean, about 3 kilometres away. No homes or roads were threatened by the flow.
Lava on Sunday spread across hundreds of yards of private land and loud explosions rocked the neighbourhood not far from the Leilani Estates subdivision, where more than a dozen other active vents opened over the past week.
The entrance to Volcano Inn is photographed in Volcano, Hawaii. The village is located on the border of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, just a few miles east of Kilauea's summit crater. (Photo: AP/ Jae C. Hong)
Nearby resident Richard Schott, 34, watched from a police checkpoint as the eruption churned just over a ridgeline and behind some trees.
"I've actually seen rocks fly over the tree line, and I can feel it in my body," Schott said. "It's like a nuclear reaction or something."
Few fissures, ground deformation and abundant volcanic gases indicate eruptions on the eastern flank of Kilauea are likely to persist, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said.
"The appearance of the fissures in the past couple of days does not change the overall picture or concern," Geological Survey scientist Steve Brantley said.
A visitor stands outside the Jaggar Museum overlooking Kilauea's summit crater in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii. The park closed on Friday, 11 May, due to the threat of an explosive volcanic eruption. (Photo: AP/ Jae C. Hong)
Christian and Maritza Ricks, who moved to the area from California in April, stopped at the side of the road to watch and listen to the latest eruption.
"I guess it's just part of living on the island," Ricks said.
He said he wasn't really afraid of the destruction happening around him.
"In a way, it's kind of exciting to see what's going on and be this close to it," Christian Ricks said.
Restaurant worker William Kauhane moves chairs at Lava Rock Cafe in Volcano, Hawaii. The village is located on the border of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, just a few miles east of Kilauea's summit crater. (Photo: AP/ Jae C. Hong)
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported a fissure opened on Saturday, 12 May, just east of the Puna Geothermal Venture energy conversion plant, where steam and hot liquid are brought up through underground wells and the steam feeds a turbine generator to produce electricity.
As a precaution, plant workers last week removed 189 265 litres of a flammable liquid stored at the site.