OAG Aviation Worldwide Limited, which handles aviation data of more than 57 million records of flight status updates per year, has released its Megahubs International Index.
It highlights the top 50 megahubs, with South Africa's Olive Tambo International in Johannesburg making the list in position number 43. It is also the only African inclusion on the list. Leading the pack is London's Heathrow with its international connectivity offering, all within a six-hour window.
On the busiest day for aviation in 2018, there were 66 000 possible international connections between flights arriving and departing at the airport within a six-hour window. The OAG Methodology compares the number of scheduled connections to and from international flights with the number of destinations served from the airport.
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The connectivity metric is different to the number of passengers served. Dubai International held this title as the world’s busiest airport for International travel in 2017, after seeing some 88.2 million passengers in 2017, a 5% increase from the 83.6m passengers it served in 2016.
OAG says through its Megahubs International Index looks at the effectiveness of the world’s leading international hubs as "connecting points, globally and regionally, and provides a platform for comparison for these international airports".
This year the index includes the dominant carrier at each hub and the share of flights operated by that carrier. A key characteristic of many of the top 50 Megahubs is that they have one airline which operates 40 percent or more of flights.
OAG has calculated the total number of all possible connections between inbound and outbound flights within a six-hour window, where either the inbound, outbound, or both flightsare international, at the largest 200 airports in the world (based on total scheduled seats in July 2018) and at the largest 200 international airports (based on total international scheduledseats in July 2018) on the busiest day for global aviation over the 12 months to July 2018.
Chicago O’Hare (ORD) has moved up the Megahubs index and is ranked in 2nd place this year. The airport has more potential international connections on the busiest day but these are spread across a greater number of destinations.
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Ranked 3rd and 4th are Frankfurt Airport (FRA) and Amsterdam Airport(AMS), securing three of the top 4 places for European hub airports.
The largest Megahubs in Asia Pacific are all located in South East Asia. Singapore Changi Airport (SIN) ranks 8th overall, followed byJakarta Airport (CGK) in 10th place.
Kuala Lumpur Airport (KUL), Hong Kong Airport (HKG) andBangkok Airport (BKK) are also within the top 15 International Megahubs.
Another Asian hub, Incheon (ICN), makes it into the top 15 International Megahubs in 15th place.
Ranked 21st in the International Megahubs Index, Tokyo Haneda Airport(HND) has scheduled air services to relatively few destinations – just 83.
Istanbul Airport (IST) comes in just ahead of Dubai International Airport (DXB) in 17th place with 55 000 possible international connections within a six-hour window.
The highest ranked Latin American Megahub in this years’ Index isMexico City Airport (MEX), placed 20th followed by Sao Paulo Guarulhos Airport (GRU) in 37th place.
The OAG Connections Analyser used to measure the data schedule has in-built business rules taking into consideration added customisable criteria such as on all operating flights:
- Single international* connections only to/from the chosen airports;
- Maximum circuity of 150;
- Minimum Connection Time (MCT) varies by individual airport. OAG holdsthe MCT information for every commercial airport in operation;
- Maximum Connection Window of six hours;
Megahubs International Index 2018- The World’s Most Internationally Connected Airport hubs
1 LHR United Kingdom 333 British Airways 52%
2 ORD USA 306 United Airlines 48%
3 FRA Germany 302 Lufthansa 63%
4 AMS Netherlands 286 KLM 51%
5 YYZ Canada 271 Air Canada 60%
6 LAX USA 257 American Airlines 21%
7 ATL USA 256 Delta Air Lines 79%
8 SIN Singapore 253 Singapore Airlines 23%
9 CDG France 250 Air France 51%
10 CGK Indonesia 249 Garuda Indonesia 28%
11 MUC Germany 237 Lufthansa 59%
12 KUL Malaysia 233 AirAsia 40%
13 HKG Hong Kong (SAR) China 230 Cathay Pacific Airways 26%
14 BKK Thailand 230 Thai Airways International 21%
15 ICN South Korea 216 Korean Air 23%
16 JFK USA 207 Delta Air Lines 34%
17 IST Turkey 205 Turkish Airlines 80%
18 DXB UAE 194 Emirates 45%
19 MIA USA 192 American Airlines 75%
20 MEX Mexico 181 Aeromexico 46%
21 HND Japan 179 All Nippon Airways 37%
22 IA H USA 174 United Airlines 81%
23 EWR USA 172 United Airlines 70%
24 PVG China 169 China Eastern Airlines 27%
25 DEL India 168 IndiGo 26%
26 DFW USA 166 American Airlines 84%
27 YVR Canada 159 Air Canada 46%
28 FCO Italy 156 Alitalia 43%
29 SYD Australia 155 Qantas Airways 34%
30 SFO USA 155 United Airlines 49%
31 CAN China 149 China Southern Airlines 49%
32 PEK China 148 Air China 40%
33 MNL Philippines 146 Cebu Pacific Air 32%
34 MAD Spain 138 Iberia 47%35 SEA USA 136 Alaska Airlines 50%
36 SVO Russian Federation 132 Aeroflot 83%
37 GRU Brazil 131 LATAM Airlines Group 31%
38 BOM India 127 Jet Airways 27%
39 BOG Colombia 122 Avianca 58%
40 BOS USA 121 JetBlue 26%
41 ZRH Switzerland 121 SWISS 52%
42 NRT Japan 120 All Nippon Airways 18%
43 JNB South Africa 119 South African Airways 42%
44 YUL Canada 114 Air Canada 57%
45 VIE Austria 114 Austrian Airlines 54%
46 PHL USA 105 American Airlines 78%
47 PTY Panama 104 Copa Airlines 89%
48 FLL USA 102 JetBlue 26%
49 SGN Vietnam 100 Vietnam Airlines 37%
50 BCN Spain 100 Vueling Airlines 41%
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