San Juan, Puerto Rico — Hurricane Maria barreled toward Puerto Rico on the night of 19 September after wreaking widespread devastation on Dominica and leaving the small Caribbean island virtually incommunicado.
As rains began to lash Puerto Rico, Govenor Ricardo Rossello warned that Maria could hit "with a force and violence that we haven't seen for several generations."
"We're going to lose a lot of infrastructure in Puerto Rico," Rossello says, adding that a likely island-wide power outage and communication blackout could last for days. "We're going to have to rebuild."
Authorities warned that people in wooden or flimsy homes should find safe shelter before the storm's expected arrival Wednesday.
"You have to evacuate. Otherwise, you're going to die," said Hector Pesquera, the island's public safety commissioner. "I don't know how to make this any clearer."
By the evening of 19 September, the US National Hurricane Center in Miami says Maria's winds had intensified to 280 kph and additional strengthening was possible. At 23:00 pm EST, Maria was centered about 45 kilometers south-southeast of St Croix, or 190 kilometers southeast of San Juan, Puerto Rico, and was moving west-northwest at 17 kph.
Maria's center was expected to pass several miles south of St Croix late on 19 September, on its way to Puerto Rico, prompting US Virgin Islands Govenor Kenneth Mapp to ask that people remain alert.
St Croix was largely spared the widespread damage caused by Hurricane Irma on the chain's St Thomas and St John islands just two weeks ago. But this time, the island would experience five hours of hurricane force winds starting about 23:00 pm EST, Mapp says.
"For folks in their homes, I really recommend that you not be in any kind of sleepwear," he says during a brief press conference on 19 September. "Make sure you have your shoes on. Make sure you have a jacket around. Something for your head in case your roof should breach ... I don't really recommend you be sleeping from 23:00 to 04:00 ... Be aware of what's going on around you."
The warning came after Dominica Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit sent out a series of dramatic posts on his Facebook page as the storm blew over the tiny country on 18 September — but then stopped suddenly as phone and internet connections with the country were cut.
A few minutes later, he messaged he could hear the sound of galvanised steel roofing tearing off houses on the small rugged island. He says that even his own roof had blown away.
In the last message before falling silent, he appealed for international aid. "We will need help, my friends, we will need help of all kinds."
READ: Hurricane Maria smashes Dominica, now menaces other islands
The storm knocked out communications for the entire country, leaving anyone outside Dominica struggling to determine the extent of damage, though it was clearly widespread. "The situation is really grave," Consulate General Barbara Dailey says in a telephone interview from New York.
She says she lost contact with the island about 04:00 am. At that point, officials had learned that 70% of homes had lost their roofs, including her own.
"I lost everything," she says, adding there had been no word on casualties. "As a Category 5 it would be naive not to expect any injuries but I don't know how many," she says.
Widespread loss of communication
The island's broadcast service was also down on the 19 September and Akamai Technologies, a company that tracks the status of the internet around the world, says most of Dominica's internet service appeared to have been lost by midday.
The Ross University School of Medicine in Dominica reported a widespread loss of communication on the island, and relatives of students posted messages on its Facebook page saying they had been unable to talk to their loved ones since late evening on 18 September as the storm approached.
Dominica is particularly vulnerable to flooding because of its steep mountains, cut through with rivers that rage even after a heavy rain. It was still recovering from Tropical Storm Erika, which killed 30 people and destroyed more than 370 homes in August 2015.
Officials on the neighboring French island of Guadeloupe reported at least one death: a person hit by a falling tree. They say two other people were reported missing after their boat sank off La Desirade island, just east of Guadeloupe.
About 40% of the island — 80 000 homes were without power and flooding was reported in several communities.
Preparing for severe winds
In the Puerto Rican capital, San Juan, normally crowded streets and beaches were empty by the afternoon on 19 September, as families heading to safe shelter packed up their cars and pets or secured windows and doors around their home to prepare for severe winds expected to lash the island for 12 to 24 hours. Nearly 2 800 people were in shelters across Puerto Rico, along with 105 pets, officials say.
"We're definitely afraid," says Erica Huber, a 33-year-old teacher from Venice, Florida, who moved to Puerto Rico a month ago with her 12-year-old daughter.
"I'm more worried about the aftermath: Is there going to be enough food and water?" she says.
In shops across the island, shelves were bare after people filled shopping carts with the limited amount of water, batteries, baby formula, milk and other items they could find.
Iris Tosado, a 64-year-old widowed housewife, scanned the nearly empty shelves before heading back home. She and her disabled son planned to spend the storm with relatives because their home is made of wood, and she prayed that it would not be destroyed.
"God, it's the only thing I have,'" she says. "This is not looking good."
Maria ties for the eighth strongest storm in Atlantic history, when measured by wind speed. This year's Irma, which had 300 kph winds, ranks second.
SEE: UPDATE: Thousands affected by Irma as tourism is hit hard
Hurricane center forecasters say it "now appears likely" that Maria will still be at Category 5 intensity when it moves over the US Virgin Islands on 19 September and Puerto Rico on 20 September, bringing with it "life-threatening" flooding from rain and storm surge.
Forecasters say the storm surge could raise water levels by 1.8 to 2.7 meters near the storm's center. The storm was predicted to brings 25 to 38 centimeters of rain across the islands, with more in isolated areas.
To the north, Hurricane Jose weakened to a tropical storm on the evening on 19 September. Forecasters say dangerous surf and rip currents were likely to continue along the US East Coast but say the storm was unlikely to make landfall. Big waves caused by Jose swept five people off a coastal jetty in Rhode Island and they were hospitalised after being rescued.
All ports to Puerto Rico have been closed in preperation for hurricane Maria.
A tropical storm warning was posted for coastal areas in Rhode Island and Massachusetts, and tropical storm watches were up for parts of New York's Long Island and Connecticut.
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