According to Fedhealth to diagnose malaria, your doctor does a blood test and you may be hospitalised for observation. Malaria can be cured with prescription drugs but the type of drugs and length of treatment depends on the kind of malaria, where you were infected, your age, and how severely ill you are.
Another concern is that in some parts of the world, these pesky - sometimes deadly - parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medications. But don’t worry too much because in general, early treatment of uncomplicated malaria produces excellent results.
Where are the high-risk malaria areas?
According to the medical scheme, in terms of Southern Africa: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana all have regions which hold varying degrees of malaria risk as does South Africa. But check this all with your doctor or at a travel clinic before heading away on your trip.
SEE: ALERT: Limpopo on high alert as Botswana issues Malaria warning
How do I prevent malaria?
Fedhealth says the first thing is to check whether the area you are travelling to is a malaria area. And if it is you need to take preventative medication.
"No drug therapy is 100% effective, but some can go a long way to preventing malaria." visit Health24 for full details.
It is important to note that the medical scheme says currently, the drug Malarone - a combination of atovaquone and proguanil - is the "drug of choice when travelling to areas where chloroquine-resistant malaria exists."
"However, it’s best to consult your doctor before making any decisions on which medication to take. They will also tell you when to start taking the medication, as many courses should start about a week before you head off on holiday, and continue for a period after your return."
The other main way of preventing malaria is to try and avoid getting bitten by these buzzing and annoying creatures:
Wear clothing with long sleeves and cover your ankles – especially at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active
Use long-lasting insecticide sprays inside your hotel room
Ensure that wire or gauze screens on all doors and windows are closed
Keep a fan on in the room during the night – the current seems to put off the mosquitoes
Apply mosquito repellents directly to the skin
Use mosquito netting over the beds
Try and spend evenings indoors rather than outdoors, as you’re much less likely to get bitten by mosquitoes.
SEE:7 things worth knowing about mosquitoes
NOTE: Anyone who says, “I’m too small to make a difference”, doesn’t know how annoying and often deadly a mosquito can be.
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